Old Testament Gateway - An academic site for the Old Testament


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Old Testament Gateway - ydyc.org

Biblical Training - FRee Bible Classes to Help You Grow SpirituallyMy current study resources – Free sign up allows access to all classes to degree level.

Torah Class    Old Testament Bible Study for a New Testament Understanding Torah is the Hebrew word for the first 5 books of the Bible and it is the foundation of the Old Testament just as the Old Testament is the foundation of the New. The Old Testament (Tanach) is the Holy Scripture that Jesus (Yeshua, in Hebrew) taught from, and His Disciples referred to, since there was no New Testament until well after the time of the Apostles that succeeded Him. The Old and New Testaments are inseparable and only when used together do we have a complete, unified, divinely-inspired Bible. Torah Class cross-references the Torah and Old Testament passages with New Testament passages to reveal their seamless continuity.

Some excellent teaching from a Hebrew perspective Video messages

Torah – Hebrew Bibles BHS (Hebrew Bible – XML Text – from the Michigan-Claremont electronic text at the Oxford Text Archive) The Hebrew bible, the Tanach, has been transcribed from the electronic text of the Leningrad Codex maintained by the J. Alan Groves Center for Advanced Biblical Research, version 4.8, to a modern Unicode and XML-based format. The license of use is very generous.

Mechon Mamre Here you will find the Hebrew Bible (Tana”kh) and the RaMBaM’s Complete Restatement of the Oral Law (Mishneh Torah):  Together these give God’s full guidance for both Jews and Gentiles in all times and places detailing what God expects us to do and not do.  Through the study and observance of these two guides to Torah (God’s instructions) we can all live richly rewarding lives and avoid painful errors.  Both our online and offline Bible and Mishneh Torah texts have been carefully prepared, and they are as accurate as found in the very finest printed editions.  (Additional materials are also provided, but they are not the heart of this site.) 

The Complete Hebrew Bible (Tanach) in four editions in Hebrew Bereishet – Genesis text with Rashi’s commentary – Complete Jewish Bible     Full Jewish Bible available

I Can Read The Bible in Hebrew -The interactive Hebrew Bible Website that serves audio along with the verses. Enjoy premium features like Hebrew vowels, stacked multi-language translations, syllable-by-syllable audio, search, and speed control of the verse audio so you can listen to the Hebrew narration at your own pace!

Serve-A-Verse – Explore and experience the Old Testament Bible in Hebrew for FREE! Serve-A-Verse lets you see the Hebrew text, hear the pronunciation and understand the scriptures. It offers audio of verses, translation and transliteration.

Lev Software’s Animated AlefBet Page – Click on any Hebrew letter in print or in script, for right or left hand, and play writing animation to learn how to write the Hebrew alphabet.

Hebrew Audio Bible   The audio tracks are in mp3 format are courtesy of Audio Scriptures International

Complete and accurate Hebrew voice recordings of every Old Testament book        Torah Class  

Old Testament Gateway 6 Songs For Learning Biblical Hebrew  Danny Zacharias thought thought it was about time to put these out for the world to make use of. So here are six songs for learning Biblical Hebrew grammar.  You can find it on hisYouTube channel in its own playlist. Enjoy all you Biblical Hebrew learners! Danny also has 18 songs to help you learn Biblical Greek.  You can watch a sample here or buy the series Greek Grammarian for $17.99US for 18 videos.

Parallel Hebrew and English (vowelled Hebrew and JPS English).

Parallel Hebrew Bible   HTML Bible

Hebrew Bible in Audio – Downloadable MP3 files

Hebrew Bibles Free Courses and Audio

Harvard Presents Two Free Online Courses on the Old Testament

Serve a Verse Explore and experience the Old Testament Bible in Hebrew! Serve-A-Verse lets you see the Hebrew text, hear the sound, pronounce and understand the scriptures.  

Resources for the Study of the Hebrew Bible How to Read Hebrew Documents on the Web How to set up Hebrew fonts and instructions on how to display Hebrew text.

How the Bible has been Interpreted in Jewish Tradition Michael A. Signer

Elementary Hebrew One of Quartz Hill’s On-Line courses.

Learn to Write The Hebrew Alphabet Lee Martin offers five lessons which will teach you how to write the Hebrew alphabet.

Basics of Biblical Hebrew   Free Downloads

Basics of Biblical Hebrew    Miles V. Van Pelt   35 Videos   Basics of Biblical Hebrew Video Lectures provides 36 easy-to-follow lessons introducing the grammar and language of the Hebrew Bible. Integrated for use with today’s bestselling Hebrew text, it is an ideal resource for traditional students in need of additional instruction; for professors, who can now utilize precious classroom time for discussion and exercises—and have students watch lectures at home; and for self-learners and home-schoolers with an interest in learning Hebrew on their own.  Each item is $2.99 or the complete set is $107.64.

Basics of Biblical Hebrew (PDF 5 MB) – Gary D Practico and Miles V Van Pelt

Hebrew Alphabet Chart 

Hebrew Alphabet Lesson and Chart

Hebrew Alphabet and Material to Learn it

Learn Hebrew -The Alphabet

Online Hebrew Tutorial

Numerical Value of the Hebrew Numbers handy for finding a verse

Biblical Hebrew Vocabulary

Vocabulary Database for Kittel, Hoffer and Wright, Biblical Hebrew to be used with Flashworks

Biblical Hebrew Vocabulary Tutor

Hebrew/English Lexicon  Bible Study Tools from Crosswalk to download the necessary font click here

Abridged Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew-English Lexicon of the Old Testament   A free download available from Logos. Based upon the classic work of Wilhelm Gesenius, the “father of modern Hebrew lexicography,” BDB gives not only dictionary definitions for words, but relates each word to its Old Testament usage and categorizes its nuances of meaning. BDB’s exhaustive coverage of Old Testament Hebrew words, as well as its unparalleled usage of cognate languages and the wealth of background sources consulted and quoted, render this abridged version of BDB an invaluable resource for all students of the Bible.

Brown Driver & Briggs Hebrew English Lexicon of the Old Testament The page is in Russian but the links go to the work in English.       Each page has the following at the top as hyperlinks. The book is an English version. It’s worth persevering with.

Ancient Hebrew Research Center offers an online course for beginners in Biblical Hebrew with links to the Hebrew Bible and a Hebrew Dictionary and Lexicon

  If you re concerned for your loved ones that you feel are lost please visit

Old Testament Gateway - prayingtheprodigalshome.com


Old Testament Gateway - ydyc.org


http://theolibrary.shc.edu/genesis.htmOnline Hebrew Tutorial  The program is aimed at the beginning, intermediate and advanced adult language student, without compromise at any one level. The program is aimed to be the fastest way to learn Hebrew or refresh your memory.

Ancient Hebrew Research Center Teaching the ancient Hebrew language of the Bible through the study of the ancient Hebrew culture and thought.

Biblia Hebraica  David Wallace Biblical Hebrew – The lessons available are driven via the small navigation bar at the top left corner of the page

Hebrew/English Lexicon  DAVAR provide a  free Hebrew/English Dictionary that is available for download containing both the Brown-Driver-Briggs and On-Line Bible Hebrew Dictionaries.

Online Hebrew Interlinear Bible The Hebrew text uses the Westminster Leningrad Codex with vowels and the English translation is the Authorised Version

TanakhML Project  aims at providing scholars with efficient tools for travelling over the Bible in Hebrew, as well as with a common descriptive language for describing the structure of the Bible according to the Jewish massoretic tradition.

A Concise Linguistic e-Introduction to Classical Hebrew   

Teknia Hebrew FlashWorks – (Windows)  & (MacOS) Teknia Hebrew FlashWorks is a vocabulary drilling program in which each word in the chosen database is tagged for type (noun, verb, etc.), chapter, and frequency in the biblical text. The software was developed by Teknia Software (http://www.teknia.com) and William D. Mounce, the author of Basics of Biblical Greek.

Hebrew Alphabet Chart

100 Basic Hebrew Verbs

Verb Charts & Verb Diagnostics  provides a full set of verbal paradigms and summary diagnostics.

Hebrew Cantillation Marks Helmut Richter

Hebrew Bible in English from Mechom Mamre

Chiasmus   an interesting way of looking at Scripture as it has been written. Please read through the X-Files for the full outline.

Allepo Codex Torah A fully vowelled and punctuated Torah text according to the Allepo Codex which is HTML4 RTL text. You will need to download and install the Hebrew Characteristics file.

Chumash DevarimAn English translation of the Chumash, Rashi Commentary, and Text Footnotes, as found in the Metsudah Chumash/Rashi.

MP3 Recordings of the Hebrew Bible by Chapter  Here are links to recordings in Hebrew on the Israeli Snunit Kodesh site, used with permission from Audio Scriptures International and the United Bible Society, 1976; they are not chanted with a melody, but are clearly pronounced in Sephardic-style Hebrew.

Jewish Publication Society Bible available in Masoretic, Hebrew, Aramaic, and English text.

Hebrew Bible in English  Mechon Mamre is a small group of Torah scholars in Israel who live by the plain and simple meaning of the RaMBaM’s Mishneh Torah and actively encourage others to do so.

Parallel Hebrew-English Bible  Mechon Mamre is a small group of Torah scholars in Israel who live by the plain and simple meaning of the RaMBaM’s Mishneh Torah and actively encourage others to do so.

Mishneh Torah  Much improved from the Snunit version based on an old version of the text, which is also in HTML4 RTL text, but not voweled.

A fully vowelled and punctuated Torah, Prophets and Writings (the whole TaNaKh — Bible) text according to the Allepo Codex  this is in html4 rtl  text not graphics.

Navigating the Bible – An On-Line Bar/Bat Mitzvah Tutor Complete with commentaries. The title of the Late Rabbi Kaplan’s – The Living Torah – is well chosen in that Judaism holds that it is incumbent for each generation to study the Torah, and in assimilating the written and oral laws, to interpret the issues of the day in terms of the values given in the Five Books of Moses.

Targumic Texts Pentatuch, & Isaiah

On-Line Hebrew Tutorial  This tutorial teaches both Biblical and Modern Hebrew.

An Internet Hebrew Dictionary Requires Bible Works Fonts

Loose Canons Reflections on the Formulation of the Hebrew Bible Philip R. Davies examines some of the most important conceptual problems in the rabbinic-Masoretic canon.

West Semitic Research Project Bruce Zuckerman a collection of good photographs of important ancient inscriptions.

The Journal of Hebrew Scriptures 

Jewish sites of Interest

Jewish Encyclopedia  This website contains the complete contents of the 12-volume Jewish Encyclopedia, which was originally published between 1901-1906. The Jewish Encyclopedia, which recently became part of the public domain, contains over 15,000 articles and illustrations. 

Old Testament Gateway - ydyc.org 

Septuagint Texts

The Septuagint – Theological and Academic Resources for the Study of the Septuagint and Old Greek Versions

The Septuagint in Greek and English

English Translations

How the Bible has been Interpreted in the Christian TraditionJusto L. Gonzalez

Which Bible Translation is Best?   Joshua M. Spaulding        With so many versions to choose from, many people ask “Which Bible translation is best?” The first thing that must be understood is that the different translations are just that: translations. All of the different Bible versions are translations (or paraphrased versions) of existing copies of original scriptures.

Towards a Theory of Exegesis: Some European Viewpoints Helmut Utzchneider looks at a triple crisis of the traditional historical exegesis of the Old Testament and proposes a ‘theory of exegesis’.

Comparison of Translations   Compare Bible Verses by Translation pages to allow users to study Bible verses using more than one translation and version. This study tool can help people see how different translations and versions have interpreted the original Greek and Hebrew languages.

Online Parallel Bible Parallel Hebrew Bible   HTML Bible

All-In-One Bible Resources Search  by Mark Goodacre: this page enables you to go to one page to search several of the Bible sites listed here, as well as a variety of other key Bible resources.

American Standard Version (ASV)    The American Standard Version, also known as the Standard American Edition

ARTFL Project: Multi-Lingual Bibles Hosted by the University of Chicago aims to provide parallel, searchable versions of the Bible as part of an experiment to facilitate multi-lingual processing. Currently includes King James English, Luther German, Louis Segond French and Jerome’s Latin Vulgate.

Bible Gateway  a simple but powerful interface designed to help you browse the Bible actively – in a way that’s not possible with traditional printed books; versions include RSV, KJV, Vulgate, Weymouth, Webster, Young.

Bible Study Tools on Crosswalk  One can look up verses and do searches on more translations including the NRSV (New Revised Standard Version) and the Vulgate together with an Interlinear for which you will have to download the BST fonts. A Parallel Bible, Bible Dictionaries, Concordances, and Encyclopedia are also available from this site.

Common English Bible (CEB) a translation of the scriptures intended to be a comfortable reading level for over half of all English readers.

Douay-Rheims (RHE)   The Douay-Rheims is the translation upon which nearly all English Catholic Bible versions are based. It includes the seven Deutero-Canonical books (also known as the Apocrypha).

English Standard Version (ESV)    combines word-for-word precision and accuracy with literary excellence, beauty, and readability.

God’s Word Translation (GW)    accurately translates the meaning of the original texts into clear, everyday language

Good News Translation (GNT)    The simple, everyday language makes it especially popular for children and those learning English

Holman Christian Standard (CSB)      a highly readable, accurate translation written in modern English

HTML Bible Download, read or search several versions quickly (KJV, Young’s, Parallel New Testament and Nestle’s Greek New Testament). The site is designed to allow you to download everything and use the site for searching and browsing without the need for a web server.

Interactive Bible   David Landry University of St Thomas, Minnesota, U.S.A.: a first class series of interactive, multimedia computer lessons on selected biblical texts, from both the Hebrew Bible and the New Testament. Each lesson familiarises the student with critical issues arising from the Biblical text, often in interaction with representations of the passages in art.

Jerusalem Bible   Protestants’ bible omitted these OT books: Tobit, Judit, 1&2 Maccabbees, Wisdom, Sirach and Baruch [including teaching on Purgatory], & some chapters of Esther and Daniel.

New Jerusalem Bible

King James Version (KJV)      the first version of Scripture authorized by the Protestant church and commissioned by England’s King James I

Lexham English Bible (LEB)         complements your primary translation with it’s transparent design and literal rendering.

Audio Bible – Available  KJV… Living Bible…

Net Bible (New English Translation) is a completely new translation of the Bible, not a revision or an update of a previous English version. It is being completed by more than twenty biblical scholars who are working directly from the best currently available Hebrew, Aramaic, and Greek texts. The translation project originally started as an attempt to provide an electronic version of a modern translation for electronic distribution over the Internet and on CD-Rom. Anyone anywhere in the world with an Internet connection will be able to use and print out the NET Bible without cost for personal study. In addition, anyone who wants to share the Bible with others can print unlimited copies and give them away free to others.

  If you re concerned for your loved ones that you feel are lost please visit

Old Testament Gateway - prayingtheprodigalshome.com


Old Testament Gateway - ydyc.org


New American Standard (NAS)     written in a formal style, but is more readable than the King James Version

New Jerusalem Bible   The Bible used by most Catholics – Protestants’ bible omitted these OT books: Tobit, Judit, 1&2 Maccabbees, Wisdom, Sirach and Baruch [including teaching on Purgatory], & some chapters of Esther and Daniel.

New King James Version (NKJV)    is a modern language update of the original King James Version.

New Living Bible – On-Line Search One of the newest translations of the Bible, provided by the publishers (Tyndale House Publishers).   – a paraphrase 

New Revised Standard Version  Gender-inclusive language.  An increasingly popular translation following in the traditions of the King James and Revised Standard Versions. It is a complete and thorough revision of the original Revised Standard Version, a long-standing foundation text for schools, colleges and churches.

NIV Bible – New International Version Resources Site provided by the International Bible Society providing useful, extensive (and generally conservative) resources connected with the New International Version, including FAQ, press releases and full text books and articles. This is a very useful site for anyone interested in contemporary Bible translation.

Online Bible A variety of Bible texts and tools in different languages available for download and use in the free Online Bible programme.

Parallel Greek New Testament Religious Texts From the Humanities Text Initiative at the University of Michigan: searchable versions of Luther Bible, King James Version, Revised Standard Version and The New Testament (Rheims, 1582).

Revised Standard Version (RSV)      is a revision of the King James Version,

The Message (MSG)       a paraphrase from the original languages written by Eugene, H. Peterson     – a paraphrase  Unbound Bible offered by Biola University allows the searching for passages in the Greek NT, Septuagint, Hebrew Bible, New American Standard, King James, and translations in several languages. A Parallel Bible allows three translations to be compared. A Greek & Hebrew Lexicon and Greek Lexical Parser complement a very useful site.

New Testament Resources Mark Goodacre has an extensive listing of New Testament Resources on his New Testament Gateway site.

Bible in General

The Bible and Interpretation  Delivering the latest news, features, editorials, commentary, archaeological interpretation and excavations relevant to the study of the Bible for the public and biblical scholars.

Old Testament Gateway - ydyc.org Could you please help by notifying us if you notice any broken links on this site.


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