Torah Class Old Testament Bible Study for a New Testament Understanding Torah is the Hebrew word for the first 5 books of the Bible and it is the foundation of the Old Testament just as the Old Testament is the foundation of the New. The Old Testament (Tanach) is the Holy Scripture that Jesus (Yeshua, in Hebrew) taught from, and His Disciples referred to, since there was no New Testament until well after the time of the Apostles that succeeded Him. The Old and New Testaments are inseparable and only when used together do we have a complete, unified, divinely-inspired Bible. Torah Class cross-references the Torah and Old Testament passages with New Testament passages to reveal their seamless continuity.
Some excellent teaching from a Hebrew perspective Video messages
Deuteronomy – Jewish Encyclopedia
Devarim – Deuteronomy text with Rashi’s commentary – Complete Jewish Bible
Deuteronomy at Luther Seminary’s Enter the Bible. Study basics about Bible books, people, dates, places.
Deuteronomy Walk Thru the Bible
The Gospel of Deuteronomy Henry Law Religious Tract Society
Deuteronomy Robert I Bradshaw
The Promise of the Land of Israel Elmer A Martens
The Exodus and The Wanderings in the Wilderness Alfred Edersheim
The Authorship of Deuteronomy John William McGarvey An examination of the authorship of the book.
Deuteronomy: Introduction and Overview Dennis Bratcher Basic summary and overview of the composition and theology of the Book of Deuteronomy.
Exploring Deuteronomy Tim Finlay & Jim Herst
Deuteronomy: God’s People Challenged Tim Finlay & Jim Herst
Deuteronomy: A Mosaic Book H. Edouard Naville
If you re concerned for your loved ones that you feel are lost please visit
Deuteronomy an Overview Division of Student Ministrys
Dating the Pentateuch: the Book of Deuteronomy, Archaeological Anomalies and Anachronisms Walter Mattfeld looks at the archaeological findings and compares them with the Biblical accounts.
The Book of the Law Studies in the Date of Deuteronomy G.T. Manley A collection of twelve articles
Deuteronomy and the Deuteronomic School Robert P. Gordon
The Primary History (Genesis – 2 Kings), an Exilic Composition of 562 – 561 BCE Walter Mattfeld focuses on Deuteronomy 30:1-10 and explores the theory the idea that the Primary History was written by one author in the exile and notes that some sites appearing in Joshua did not come into existence until late in the 7th century BCE.
Sacrifice in the Old Testament F.D. Kidner
The Alien According to the Torah Georges Chawkat Moucarry
The Case for Kingship in Deuteronomy and the Former Prophets David M. Howard, Jr
Regal Messianic Hope in Deuteronomy, 1,2 Samuel and 1,2 Kings Greg Herrick continues his study of kingly/messianic hope in the Old Testament.
When is the Sabbath Day? Why do Christians Gather on Sunday to Worship? Joshua M. Spaulding Exodus 20:8 Deuteronomy 5:15 To correctly answer the questions “when is the Sabbath day?” and “why do Christians worship on Sunday?” we must go to God’s Word. The Sabbath day was established in the Mosaic law as part of the “10 commandments,” when God said “Remember the sabbath day, to keep it holy” (Exodus 20:8). While the other commandments within the “10 commandments” are moral laws that extend beyond the Mosaic law, this commandment is not a moral law. This is a ceremonial law, fulfilled in Christ, and not mentioned in the New Testament. Our debt to God’s moral law and all ceremonial laws was paid, by Christ, in full. This still does not answer fullythe question When is the Sabbath Day. Read on for the full answer.
Responsibilities of Fatherhood Deuteronomy 6:1-19 J. Hampton Keathly III explains that although often used to extol happiness and well-being in the family it is also a call to ministry and testimony as the people of God through their obedience to God.
Deuteronomy 6:4 (“The Shema”) Jeffrey H. Tigay
A Heart Felt Love: An Exegesis of Deuteronomy 6:4-19 Bruce E. Willoughby
Underdogs and Earthen Vessels: Devotional on Deuteronomy 8:11-1 Dennis Bratcher A reflective article on the theology of the warning to Israel in Deuteronomy 8, and how it might apply to us today.
Deuteronomy and Polity in the Early History of Jewish Interpretation Steven D. Fraade
Slavery in the Bible – Does God Condone Slavery? Joshua M. Spaulding Exodus 21:2-6 & Deuteronomy 15:12-15 There are passages in the Word of God that would suggest that slavery is not strictly condemned. Some read these passages and sincerely do not understand. Many, however, are skeptics simply looking to accuse God of evil-doing. So does the Bible, and God specifically, approve of slavery?
Reconciliation in Deuteronomy H F van Rooy
Criteria of False Prophets: Notes on Deuteronomy 18:22 Dennis Bratcher A brief analysis of Deuteronomy 18:22, examining the claim that it proves that Old Testament prophecy is primarily predictive.
The Problem of Old Testament Ethics Elmer A. Martens
Response to Elmer Martens Ben C. Ollenburger
A Land Flowing with Milk and Honey S. Douglas Waterhouse
The Nearness of God (Exodus 33:1-16; 34:8-10; Deuteronomy 4:1-7) Bob Deffinbaugh An overview of God’s omnipresence.
Divine Presence in Deuteronomy Ian Wilson
The Judgement of God: The Problem of the Canaanites J.P.U. Lilley
Cities of Refuge Charles L. Feinberg
The Ebal Ceremony as Hebrew Land Grant Andrew E. Hill
Covenant Robert I. Bradshaw
Dynastic Covenant Meredith G. Kline
Decalogue J. W. Marshall Deuteronomy 5
The Revelation of the Law in Scripture Patrick Fairbairn
Deuteronomy: an Exposition of the Spirit of the Law John H. Walton
The Hebrew Papyrus of the Ten Commandments F. C. Burkitt
The Two Tables of the Covenant Meredith G. Kline
God’s ‘Name’ and God’s Glory J. Gordon McConville
Faithless Israel, Faithful Yahweh in Deuteronomy Paul A. Barker
Law – Hear, O Israel (the Legal Codes) Davie Napier explains that legal code has resulted from the influence both of prophecy and priesthood coupled with the presuppositions that the God who is present and acts in history is also the God of creation.
A Problem in Deuteronomy Gerald T. Manley
The Central Sanctuary: Where and When? Jeffrey Niehaus
The Jubilee and the Millennium David L. Baker
Deuteronomy 19: Chiasms and Cases James T. Dennison
The Laws of Deuteronomy and the Arguments from Silence Harold M. Wiener
Deuteronomy 24:1-4 and the Issue of Divorce J. Carl Laney
Interpreting the Silences (Deuteronomy 24:1-4) Allen R. Guenther
Legal Forms in the Book of the Covenant Gordon J. Wenham
Deuteronomy and the Central Sanctuary Gordon J. Wenham
The Theology of Deuteronomy 27 Paul A. Barker
A Note on Deuteronomy XXVII. 1-8 Gerald T. Manley
Deuteronomy 32:1-12 A reflection by Pope John Paul II
Deuteronomy 32:8 and the Sons of God Michael S. Heiser
Are Yahweh and El Distinct Deities in Deut. 32:8-9 and Psalm 82? Michael S. Heiser,
Recovering the Voice of Moses: the Genesis of Deuteronomy Daniel I. Block
Song of Moses Emil G. Hirsch and George A. Barton
Blessing of Moses Joseph Jacobs, Schulim Ochser, Morris Jastrow Jr. and Wilhelm Nowack
Deuteronomy Between Pentateuch and the Deuteronomistic History John van Seters
Recovering the Voice of Moses: The Genesis of Deuteronomy Daniel I Block
Biblical Slavery Benjamin Edidin Scolnic Deuteronomy’s legal treatment of slavery is more humane than the parallel laws in Exodus, and more practical than those in Leviticus
Faithless Israel, Faithful Yahweh in Deuternomy Paul A. Barker
Deuteronomy and Ugaritic Studies Peter C. Craigie
Deuteronomy and the Deuteronomic School R. P. Gordon
Deuteronomy and the Central Sanctuary G. J. Wenham