Tabor College Victoria

44-60 Jacksons Road, 


Vic. 3170


Old Testament Gateway





Could you please help by notifying us if you notice any broken links on this site.



Contact Us
Translation Services
Uncategorised  Articles
OT Archaeology
Ancient Near East

Dead Sea Scrolls



Noncanonical Works



Old Testament

O.T.  Apocrypha
Historical Books
1 & 2  Samuel
1 & 2 Kings
1 & 2 Chronicles
Poetical Books
Song of Songs 

Major Prophets
Minor Prophets


Searching for answers to life?

ERESHIT (Book of Genesis) Massoretic, Hebrew, Aramaic, JPS, Kaplan texts of Genesis from the Jewish Publication Society Bible

A Storyline Study of the Bible from Adam to 2400 years after Adam is Mentioned in Genesis Harold Unkles.  This study is a work in process.

Genesis - The Hebrew Text

Genesis - The Traditional Translation with Renderings According to Ibn Ezra and Ramban

Torah Class    Old Testament Bible Study for a New Testament Understanding

Torah is the Hebrew word for the first 5 books of the Bible and it is the foundation of the Old Testament just as the Old Testament is the foundation of the New. The Old Testament (Tanach) is the Holy Scripture that Jesus (Yeshua, in Hebrew) taught from, and His Disciples referred to, since there was no New Testament until well after the time of the Apostles that succeeded Him. The Old and New Testaments are inseparable and only when used together do we have a complete, unified, divinely-inspired Bible. Torah Class cross-references the Torah and Old Testament passages with New Testament passages to reveal their seamless continuity.


Some excellent teaching from a Hebrew perspective Video messages


Chiasmus - Reverse Parallelism


Primeval Chronology  William Green


The Image of God   Charles Lee Feinberg


The Days of Genesis  E.J. Young


The Earth of Genesis 1:2: Abiotic or Chaotic?


What's New in Interpreting Genesis by Paul E. Koptak


Genesis 1:1–3: Creation or Re-Creation?  Mark F Rooker  examines the theory of a period of chaos after creation (often called the gap theory) and the initial chaos theory, and the second article in the series analyzes the precreation chaos theory, the view endorsed by Waltke and other recent commentators on Genesis .

Genesis 1–3 and Male/Female Role Relationship   Michael F Sitzinger  An examination of certain considerations in Genesis 1-3 contributes to a proper view of a hierarchical distinction between male and female.   The first 3 chapters of Genesis consistently argue for a continuing hierarchical order between male and female.


The Creation Account in Genesis 1:1–3  Bruce K Waltke


Covenant and the Kingdom: Genesis 1–3 as Foundation for Biblical Theology.  Eugene H Merrill 


The Theology of Sexuality in the Beginning: Genesis 1-2  Richard M Davidson  Deals directly with the question of human sexuality. Not only is human sexuality presented as a basic fact of creation, but an elucidation of the nature of sexuality constitutes a central part of the Creation accounts.  This article focuses upon the theology of sexuality in the creation accounts (Gen 1-2)


The Theology of Sexuality in the Beginning: Genesis 3 Richardm M Davidson


The Liberating Image? Interpreting Imago Dei in Context  Richard J Middleton


Interpreting Genesis 1-11  Russell T Fuller  The proliferation of methods and approaches characterizes biblical hermeneutics in the twenty-first century. Each method has its own focus.


I Want a Name for Myself - Genesis 1-11  Paul Borgman   The story we haven't heard


The Geographical Meaning of ‘Earth’ and ‘Seas’ in Genesis 1:10   Paul H Seely


The Firmament and the Waters Above   Paul H Seely


Abraham - Bethlehem -People and Places featuring summaries of important people and places of the Bible, the Holy Land and ancient times.

New International Version (Book of Genesis) On-Line.

The Net Bible (Book of Genesis) On-Line

What's New in Interpreting Genesis Paul E Koptak. A number of recent studies have been published that offer help to readers and communicators who wish to hear the stories of Genesis as they were intended to be heard and to discover their significance for life at the threshold of a new century.

From Dominion to Stewardship? The Ecology of Biblical Translation  Leonard Greenspoon  offers an important first step towards serious engagement with the biblical text on environmental issues, even for those with firsthand knowledge of the Hebrew.

Speaking the Language of Canaan  Dennis Bratcher  has written a paper dealing with the Israelite appropriation of metaphors, symbols, and conceptual categories from the "pool" of ancient Middle Eastern culture, noting both the similarities and differences, and the implications both for understanding the OT, as well as for addressing the modern conflict of science and religion.

Comparison of World Views: Perception of the Physical World  Dennis Bratcher  graphic to go with the above article Speaking the Language of Canaan, comparing various ways of understanding and talking about the physical world.

The "Days" of Creation in Genesis 1: Literal "Days" or Figurative "Periods/Epochs" of Time  Gerhard F. Hasel

If you re concerned for your loved ones that you feel are lost please visit


Help Your 


The Unity of the Creation Account   William H Shea  Do Genesis 1 and 2 contain two antithetical creation accounts, or are they complementary parts of a unified record? Dr. Shea examines the literary structure and content of these two chapters for an answer.

Literary Structural Parallels between Genesis 1 and 2   William H Shea Literary critics have divided Genesis 1 and Genesis 2 between different authors at different times. Literary techniques employed at several different and parallel junctions (beginning, middle and end) in the two narratives demonstrate a similar writing style, however, and thus point towards a unity of authorship.

Archaeology and Genesis: What does the record   show.  Mario Seiglie 


Explores a series of remarkable archaeological discoveries spanning the 19th and  20th centuries and shows how critics of the historical accuracy of the Bible became confronted with physical evidence attesting to the truthfulness of certain accounts.


A look at the archaeological record surrounding Abraham.

An Introduction to Genesis David Malick 

Outline of the Book of Genesis David Malick

Notes on Genesis   Thomas L. Constable  explains how Genesis reveals that God is faithful to his promises and powerful enough to bring them to fulfillment.

An Outline of Genesis Division of Student Ministry Baptist General Convention of Texas

        Creation Genesis 1-2:3 

        The Fall of Man Genesis 3

        Abraham Genesis 11:27-25:11

        Isaac and Jacob Genesis 25:12-37:1

        Joseph Genesis 37:2 - 50:26

The Life of Adam and Eve: The Biblical Story in Judaism and Christianity Gary A. Anderson & Michael E. Stone

The Garden of Eden a Modern Landscape Carol A. Hill tries to apply the findings of modern geology to Gen. 2:10-14. I deduce from the evidence that the four rivers of Eden--the Pishon, the Gihon, the Hiddekel, and the Euphrates--were real rivers which existed on a modern landscape before Noah's flood.

Bone of My Bone and Flesh of My Flesh  Phyllis A. Bird  explores why the biblical creation texts give such prominent attention to sexual differentiation with reflection on the individual and the species.

Why a "Naked" Adam in Eden- Walter Mattfeld  holds that the Sumerian myths regarding the creation of man AGREE with Genesis

Genesis: From Paradise to Patriarchs Robert L. Deffinbaugh Highlights in the History of Israel Part 1.

Mysteries of Genesis Charles Fillmore points out the book of Genesis as the key to the Bible. In the New Testament it is quoted twenty-seven times literally and thirty-eight times substantially.

The Hebrews prepared by Washington State University Reader

An Overlooked Message - The Critique of Kings and Affirmation of Equality in the Primeval History Robert K Gnuse   The Primeval History in Genesis 2-11 contains symbolic polyvalent narratives with diverse levels of interpretive possibility. One meaningful level of interpretation is to see how the accounts contain a strident critique of kingship, especially the social economic abuses perpetrated by kings. Kings who receive the strident barbs of the author include not only Mesopotamian rulers, but also, by implication, the rulers of Israel and Judah, who likewise abused their powers. This exilic critique of kings is also, in turn, part of the great biblical message affirming human equality and dignity, and it speaks a powerful egalitarian word to any age.

God: What do the Opening Chapters of Genesis Tell us about Him?   Jim West asks  is the God depicted in Genesis  a loving creator or does he display cruel pitiless control.

The Father who Creates All Things: A Cosmological Perspective of God: Carl Schulz. 'There is perhaps no more fundamental affirmation about God than that of Creator... the bed rock, the foundation on which all other affirmations about Him are made.'

Creation - J & P  Stephen Wiggins

The Documentary Sources in Genesis  Ralph W. Klein

Searching for answers to life?

Other Creation Epics see Ancient Near East page

Comparative Creation Chart Creation in Israel and the Ancient Near East

Genesis 1-3: Science? History? Theology? J.A. Thompson Tyndale Lecture - Melbourne This also available for sale if you'd like it.  Purchase here

Enuma Elish  Leonard William King

Epic of Gilgamesh  


The Epic of Gilgamesh: Thoughts on genre and meaning      A.R.George

What is Creation? Rereading Genesis 1 & 2 Michael Welker explores the important characteristic of divine creating in the classical creation texts and the concept of unconditional production and causation!

Sabbath Origins and the Epic of Gilgamesh  Walter Mattfeld

The Sabbath/Shabbat as an Eternal Memorial and its Derivation from the Lunar Shupattu Memorial  Walter Mattfeld 

Creation and Evolution: 

The Bible Explanation. Mario Seiglie examines the findings of modern science in the light of scripture.

Comparative Creation  Stephen Wiggins A look at creation in Genesis and the Ancient Near East.

Genesis and the Real World David Roth Or did Moses mean to say, 'at the beginning of time God created space and matter'. Roth argues that Moses' narrative has to do with the real world.

Dinosaur Religion and Religion as Dinosaurs:The encounter of science and faith in Genesis1    Carl Schultz an overview of the richness and subtlety of the creation stories themselves in relation to the ongoing debate with science.

The Life of Adam and Eve  Gary A. Anderson & Michael E. Stone

And Adam Knew Eve - a dictionary of sex in the Bible Ronald L. Ecker has gathered from the biblical text all sexually related stories, concepts, and laws, and presented them, concisely but with attention to context, in convenient dictionary form. The text casts some light on the problem that biblical interpreters face in the sometimes physically abusive treatment of women under the patriarchal system that so controlled women's lives, sexually and otherwise, in the biblical world.

The “Fall” - a Second Look - A Literary Analysis of Genesis 2:4-3:24 Dennis R. Bratcher offers an in-depth analysis of the so-called "Fall" narrative in Genesis.

The Fall of Satan in the Thought of St. Ephrem and John Milton  Gary A. Anderson

Did a Form of Evil Exist Before the Fall Daniel J. Dykes explores Isaiah 45:7 where God claims to be the one who creates evil.

The Seduction of Eve and Feminist Readings of the Garden of Eden  Reuven Kimelman Applies an exegesis of assonance, that demands considerable reader involvement, without which he holds that many of the keys to the story's meaning would be missing.

Did Eve Fall or Was She Pushed? Susan L. Greiner  argues that Eve is not a seductress. She neither deceives Adam nor coerces him into eating the fruit. The word "sin" is never applied to Eve; indeed, it does not even appear in the Creation account.

Rethinking the Interpretation of Genesis 2.4B-3.24    Lyn M. Bechtel considers that the passage has been used through the centuries as a prooftext for  male supremacy and the inferiority and moral weakness of women and concludes that it  is about maturation. It is a myth that reinforces the values and concerns of monarchical society, which considers the monarchy to be God's intended goal for a mature Israel.

Eve and Pandora Contrasted William E. Phipps shows that the myths of Eve and Pandora are quite dissimilar in original meaning and argues that it is Western civilisation that has mingled them.

The Tree of Life: Protological to Eschatological Robert Starke holds that it was in the epiphany of the eschatological Adam and death's inability to overshadow him, that the life-giving tree triumphs, its glory eliminating at last the shadow of death.

Two Brothers Reconciled Rabbi Arthur Waskow From almost the beginning to the very end of the Book of Genesis, one theme whirls through many variations: war and peace between brothers (and one pair of sisters).

A Glimmer of Hope Genesis 5 Jeong Woo (James) Lee Scripture tells us how this world is passing away yet we are called to walk with God by faith.

Genealogies in Genesis Daniel J. Dyke explores the debate concerning the genealogies found in Genesis 5 and 11 as to whether they are sequential and complete or if they contain gaps.

Contours of Faith Greg Herrick Scripture reveals the clearest understanding of the object of our faith, namely, God himself.

A Contextual Identification of the bene ha'elohim and the banüth ha'adam in Genesis 6:1–4  Lyle Eslinger An investigation of the purposes of Genesis 6:1-4 'son of God' - 'daughter of man'

Sons of God and Giants - Cultural and Historical Context In Genesis 6:1-4 Dennis R. Bratcher explores the cultural and historical background of the reference to sons of God, daughters of men, and giants in Genesis

Covenants and Pillars of Judaism  Felix Just SJ explores the use of the word covenant commencing with Genesis 6.

Identifying Genesis' Mid-First Millennium BCE Origins via Onomastic Research on Cain and Nimrod  Walter Mattfeld  looks at the archaeological findings and compares them with the Biblical accounts.

The Antediluvians   William H Shea  A look at those living between creation and the flood.  The links between Babylonian mythology and the Biblical account.

The Flood Story in J and P Forms a look at what is thought to be the account of the two different authors.

A Comparison of Narrative Elements in Ancient Mesopotamian Creation-Flood Stories with

Genesis 1-9   William H Shea  Mesopotamian Creation-Flood stories at 1600 B.C. and the biblical Creation-Flood story (which is similar in content and style) at 600 B.C., with cases of individual Creation and Flood stories intervening between them, would be quite exceptional and unlikely. The biblical Creation-Flood story fits best in the age in which this type of literature was written.

The Flood J &  P  Stephen Wiggins


Who Wrote the Flood Story Richard Elliot Friedman

The Flood: Just a Local Catastrophe    William H Shea   Creationists and evolutionists disagree about the Flood. Creationists argue that the Bible is a divinely inspired document and its record of the Flood describes an actual historical event, a universal deluge. Evolutionists have responded to the biblical narrative in various ways.

The Story of Noah According to Source  Frank Frick Taken from a Journey Through the Hebrew Scriptures.

A Review of Recent Data from the Region of the Ark-Shaped Formation in the Tendurek Mountains of Eastern Turkey   William H Shea Each new discovery has strengthened the case for relating this site to Noah's Ark, but the question still remains as to whether there is sufficient scientific evidence with which to confirm or deny this identification with a greater degree of accuracy.

The Seven Noahide Laws  Exegesis of genesis 2:16-17 that led to the tradition of the Noahide Laws.

Reading the Rainbow  Rachel Muers

Help Your 


                   Other Flood Accounts see Ancient Near East page

The Sumerian King List: Translation

Original Dishonor Noah's Curse and the Southern Defense of Slavery  Stephen R Haynes  Noah’s curse may not have been about race in the minds of all antebellum southern divines; but without question it appears to have been about slavery and honor

Who Were the Hebrews Gerald A LarueThe descendents of Shem, one of Noah's sons and eventually Abraham.

 From Faith to Faith -- Essays on Old Testament Literature  B. Davie Napier   The Old Testament conveys the impression of coherent unity -- a unity achieved in the central themes and presuppositions of the community of Israel. The people of Israel understand the terms of their own existence, and its essential meaning, in the Yahweh-Abraham covenant.

Abraham's Faith Journey - the macrostructure of the Abraham story Dennis R. Bratcher notes the governing ideas and themes that give coherence to the larger narrative. 

Unraveling the Mystery of Early Israel's Origins: Archaeology, Abraham and the Philistines  Walter Mattfeld  looks at the archaeological findings and compares them with the Biblical accounts.

The Ancestor's Family Tree

Family and Society in Ancient Israel    A study of ancient Israel's social organisation and patrilineal descent.

The Rescue of Lot Ken Collins attempts to rescue this Bible text from the crossfire of dispute, restoring its original theological significance and devotional value.

Unraveling the Japheth Mystery (Genesis 9:25-27)  Walter Mattfeld attempts to unravel this mystery

A Thrice-Told Tale: Genre, Theme, and Motif   David L. Petersen  A study of the wife-sister motif in Genesis 12, 20, and 26.

Women Quilting a Biblical Pattern  Letty M. Russell

Abraham Not the Father of Ishmael and the Arabs  Walter Mattfeld argues that the pre-biblical history of the Arabs portrays a different picture.

The Family of Abraham Felix Just SJ  provides a chart to explore Abraham's descendants.

The Rescue of Lot  Ken Collins attempts to rescue the account from the crossfire of dispute, restoring its original theological significance and devotional value.

Melchisedek in the MT, LXX and NT J.A. Fitzmyer

The Binding of Isaac W. Dow Edgerton explores the story of Abraham's sacrifice and concludes that there are as many methods of interpretation as there are interpreters.

Joseph and Aseneth Mark Goodacre A tale told about the Biblical Patriarch Joseph and his Egyptian wife Aseneth.

The Sabbatical/Jubilee Cycle and the Seven-Year Famine in Egypt C. Carmichael. The Jubilee linked back to Joseph's counsel regarding the famine in Egypt.

Celebrating and Sharing the Gift: Reflections on Jacob, Israel's Ancestor  Ralph W. Klein  explores the presence of God in Jacob's dream at Bethel, his wrestling with God at Penuel and his reunion with his brother Esau.

Jacob's Wrestling Match - Was it an Angel or Esau  Jack Miles

Election and Transformation Genesis 25: 19-34 Lawrence Semel. The truth of the sovereignty of God and the glories of the doctrine of election. Jacob knew that election called for responsibility. What he had to learn was that his responsibility must be, above all else, the manifestation of a character that in all respects was conformed to the divine will.

Bethel: House of God Genesis 28:10-22 William D Dennison Jacob can leave Canaan because God has revealed a better country to him. That better country is Bethel, the house of God, the final redemption of his people.

Melchizadek in the MT, LXX and the NT J.A. Fitzmyer examines how the role of Melchizadek develops through Scripture.

What Really Happened to Dinah  Suzanne Scholtz offers a  feminist analysis of Genesis 34.

An Early Text for later Messianic Conceptions Greg Herrick examines Genesis 49: 8-12 in an attempt to show Davidic regal conceptions in the Old Testament as backdrop for the New Testament presentation of the Messiah.

Bone of My Bone and Flesh of My Flesh Phyllis A. Bird The examples of Genesis I and Psalm 8 alert us to two dangers in appeal to biblical statements as authority for contemporary faith.

Chronology of the Book of Genesis


Searching for answers to life?


Victim and Victimizer: Joseph's Interepretation of his Destiny  Yiu-Wing Fung


Evolutionary Tales: Rhyme and Reason on Creation/Evolution  Ronald L. Ecker  presents evolutionary theory and the pseudoscientific nature of "creation science" through a recasting - complete with rhymed iambic pentatmeter verse - of Chaucer's classic and attempts to interest readers in further study of science in general and of the creation/evolution controversy in particular.


Dating the Pentateuch, Genesis and the Archaeological Anomalies and Anachronisms  Walter Mattfeld  looks at the archaeological findings and compares them with the Biblical accounts.

A look at some of the  Myths and Motifs of the Ancient Near East that reflect with comparisons in the Genesis

Genesis' Genesis, The Hebrew Transformation of the Ancient Near Eastern Myths and Their Motifs Walter Mattfeld

The Garden of Eden and Its Mesopotamian Prototypes, Including the Serpent who Offered Immortality to Man  Walter Mattfeld

The Tree of Knowledge of Good and Evil and the Tree of Life in the Garden of Eden (The Ancient Near Eastern Motifs behind)  Walter Mattfeld

The Pre-Biblical Origins of Cherubim (And The Mercy Seat Atop the Ark of the Covenant)  Walter Mattfeld

Reading Scripture with Kenneth Burke - Genesis   Paul E. Koptak  khe rhetorical study must not be limited to matters of structure and style, but must consider the intention of writers to influence audiences. Burke’s recommendations for literary and rhetorical analysis can direct the reading of a biblical text in preparation for the communication of a text’s message for the purpose of achieving the same rhetorical effect that was intended for the original audience.

Do dogs go to heaven? 

Could you please help by notifying us if you notice any broken links on this site.