Old Testament Gateway - An academic site for the Old Testament



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Biblical Training - FRee Bible Classes to Help You Grow SpirituallyMy current study resources – Free sign up allows access to all classes to degree level.

Torah Class    Old Testament Bible Study for a New Testament Understanding Torah is the Hebrew word for the first 5 books of the Bible and it is the foundation of the Old Testament just as the Old Testament is the foundation of the New. The Old Testament (Tanach) is the Holy Scripture that Jesus (Yeshua, in Hebrew) taught from, and His Disciples referred to, since there was no New Testament until well after the time of the Apostles that succeeded Him. The Old and New Testaments are inseparable and only when used together do we have a complete, unified, divinely-inspired Bible. Torah Class cross-references the Torah and Old Testament passages with New Testament passages to reveal their seamless continuity.

Some excellent teaching from a Hebrew perspective  Video Messages  

  Shoftim (Book of Judges) Massoretic, Hebrew, Aramaic, JPS, Kaplan texts of Judges from the Jewish Publication Society Bible

Judges Jewish Encyclopedia

Shoftim – Judges text with Rashi’s commentary – Complete Jewish Bible 

Judges – Expositor’s Bible Commentary Notes on Judges  Thomas L. Constable The Book of Judges reveals the defeat of the nation of Israel by its enemies from without and within due to refusal to trust and obey God.

Contemporary English Version (CEV) (Book of Judges) On-Line

New International Version (NIV) (Book of Judges) On-Line

New English Translation (NET) Bible (Book of Judges) On-Line

New Revised Standard Version (NRSV) (Book of Judges) On-Line

Judges at Luther Seminary’s Enter the Bible. Study basics about Bible books, people, dates, places.

Judges Wikipedia

Judges  Walk Thru the Bible Judges – Geneva Study Bible

Judges- Matthew Henry’s Commentary

Judges – Wesley’s Explanatory Notes

Judges – Robert Jamieson’s Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the whole Bible

Judges – Scofield Reference Notes

Judges – Dr Bob Utley

Judges – World Wide Study Bible

Judges – Bible Notes  


Introduction to Judges                        David Malick Save & Exit

Outline of Judges                                David Malick

An Outline of Judges                          Robert C. Dunston

Introductory Notes to Judges              Robert C. Dunston

Bible Concepts From the Historical Books – Judges

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    The Historical Books                 J. Hampton Keathley, III

Judges and Ruth for Children                Five studies by    Jodi Hooper   Read about Bible Lessons 4 Kidz 

A Literary Appreciation of the Book of Judges     J.P.U. Lilley

The Chronology of the Book of Judges: A Linguistic Clue in Solving a Pesky     Robert B. Chisholm, Jr

Literary Clues In Judges: A Response to Robert Chisholm     Andrew Steinmann

Archaeology and the Book of Judges                    Mario Seiglie 

A Chronology of the Judges Period  Kevin P. Edgecomb  As Judges is a book in  the Deturonomistic History, it is clear that its chronology should be considered to have been an integral part of that history’s wider chronological plan, leading from the period depicted at the end of the book of Joshua to the period depicted at the beginning of the book of Samuel.

History and Theology in Joshua and Judges        Dennis Bratcher

The Judges, Their Tribes, and The Enemy They Fought The Dark Days of Israel’s Judges – A

Study of the Book of Judges              Bob Deffinbaugh

In Defense of Paneling as a Clue to the Chronology of Judges: A Critique of Andrew Steinmann’s Reply     Robert B. Chisholm, Jr

The Chronological Framework of the Deuteronomistic History     Gershon Galil

The Deuteronomy Redactor in the Book of Judges     Gerald T. Manley

The Mysterious Numbers of the Book of Judges     Andrew E. Steinmann

Moral Formation and the Book of Judges     Paul Miller

The Conquest and Early Hebrew Poetry    Peter C. Craigie

The Altar in Joshua and Judges     J.P.U. Lilley

Judging the Judges: Finding Value in These Problematic Characters     L R Martin

Daily Life in the Days of Samuel     Dr. Robert D.Miller II

Unity and Diversity in Early Israel Before Samuel      Alan J. Hauser

Samson – Bethlehem – Jerusalem – People and Places featuring summaries of important people and places of the Bible, the Holy Land and ancient times.

The Judges of Israel  Dennis Bratcher   takes an overview of the military leaders in the Book of Judges, with brief comments on the theological role of the book compared with Joshua.

Antecedents of the Monarchy in Ancient Israel     A.E. Cundall

The Chronology of Judges  Kevin P. Edgecomb

Judges the Misery of Sin         Tim Finlay & Jim Herst

Elijah – A Victorious, Persecuted, Discouraged Prophet – First of a Long Line (1 Judgs 17-19)     Michel De Goedt

Weapons and Warfare in Ancient Israel             Tim Finlay & Jim Herst

The Book of Judges: The Israelite Tribal Federation and Its Discontents   Daniel J. Elazar

Judges Securing the Land  Barry L. Bandstra describes Judges as Israel’s book of heroes. Through the strength and courage of the likes of Samson and Deborah the Israelites were able to fend off their enemies until they could gain a foothold in the Promised Land.

Judges of Ancient Israel Exploring Judges – What’s in a Name        Tim Finlay & Jim Herst

Conquest or Settlement  Dennis Bratcher  History and Theology in Joshua and Judges.

God and the Canaanites    Rick Wade

Reconsideration of Shamgar Ben Anath (Judg 3:31 and 5:6)     Peter C. Craigie

The Role of Women in the Book of Judges  L. Hampton Keathley IV explains that disobedience and lack of faith in God was the reason why Israel could drive the foreign nations from their Promised Land.

The Judges, Their Tribes and the Enemy They Fought      Chart

The Book of Judges Division of Student Ministry of the Baptist General Convention of Texas On Line Text Book

The Book of Judges: The Israelite tribal federation and it’s discontents  Daniel J. Elazar

Neith and the Two Biblical Deborahs: One and the Same     Gary Greenberg

Judges: Deborah Among the Warriors     Tikva Frymer-Kensky

The Bee and the Mountain Goat: A Literary Reading of Judges 4    John H. Stek

Unspeakable Crimes: The Abuse of Women in the Book of Judges     Daniel I. Block

“The Hand of a Woman”: Deborah and Yael (Judges 4)      Elie Assis

“Blessed Be Jael Among Women”: Judges 4:4-24, Luke 1:46-55     John L. Bell

Overbearing Mothers and Childhood Regression: A Feminist Psychoanalytic Reading of Judges 4-5        Ginny Brewer-Boydston

Deborah, The Song of     Emil G. Hirsch

Song of Deborah as Polemic   G. T. K. Wong  

Judges – Gideon and his Son Judges 6 – 8      Tim Finlay & Jim Herst

The Eclipse of God in the Song of Deborah (Judges 5): The Role of Yhwh  in the Light of Heroic Poetry Charles L. Echols, Clare Hall, Cambridge

Parallel Word Pairs in the Song of Deborah (Judges 5)     Peter C. Craigie 

The Choice to Serve God and Assist His People: Rahab and Yael      Elie Assis  

Who Is the Angel of the Lord?    Walter C. Kaiser Jr., Peter H. Davids, F. F. Bruce and Manfred T. Brauch

 Old Testament Gateway - ydyc.org

Gideon     Emil G. Hirsch

Gideon      Wikipedia

Will the Real Gideon Please Stand Up? Narrative Style and Intention in Judges 6-9    Daniel I. Block

Abimilech     J. Frederic McCurdy, Gerson B. Levi and Louis Ginzberg

Judges – Jephtha and Samson Judges 19:1 – 12:7           Tim Finlay & Jim Herst

Bargaining in Tov (Judges 11,4-11): The Many Directions of So-called Direct Speech Kenneth M Craig Jr explores the subject of speech as mediated discourse in the bargaining scene between the elders of Gilead and Jephthah in the land of Tov.

Jephthah      Emil G. Hirsch, M. Seligsohn, Solomon Schechter and George A. Barton

Jephthah      David Mandel

The Story of Jephthah and his Daughter: Then and Now      Bernard P. Robinson

Samson     Joseph Jacobs, Ira Maurice Price, Wilhelm Bacher Jacob Zallel Lauterbach

Samson     Wikipedia 

What Type of Son is Samson? Reading Judges 13 As A Biblical Type-Scene    Benjamin J. M. Johnson

Samson’s Riddle    Wikipedia

Samson the ‘Holy One’: A Suggestion Regarding the Reviser’s Use of ἅγιος in Judg 13,7; 16,17 LXX Vaticanus     Stuart D. Chepey

Samson and the Philistines Did it Really Happen?     Bryant Wood

The Symbolism of the Lion and the Bees: Another Ironic Twist in the Samson Cycle     Martin Emmrich

The Samson Story as Border Fiction     Steve Weitzman

Son of a Prostitute and Daughter of a Warrior: What Do You Think the Story in Judges 11 Means?    Pamela J. Milne

Samson =-The Last Judge (Judges 13-16)     Robert A. Starke

Enigma Variations: Aspects of the Samson Story (Judges 13-16    Mark Greene

Making a “Bad” Woman Wicked: The Devilish Construction of Delilah within Cecil B. DeMille’s Samson and Delilah (1949)  Anton Karl Kozlovic

The Shaving of Samson: Judges 16:19     Frank Charles Fensham

Closure in Samson     Marian Broida

The Theology of Divine Retribution in the Book of Judges     Roy L. Heller

No King In Israel’: Narrative Criticism and Judges 17-21     Philip E. Satterthwaite

Judges – The Danites and Civil War       Tim Finlay & Jim Herst

The Golden Calves and the Egyptian Concept of Deity     John. N. Oswalt

A Metaphorical Etiology in Judges 18:12    Uwe F. W. Bauer

 The Levite’s Concubine: The Story That Never Was     Heidi M. Szpek

 Multiplicity and Judges 19: Constructing a Queer Asian Pacific American Biblical Hermeneutic     Patrick S. Cheng

Homosexuality: The Biblical-Christian View – in the Old Testament        Gibea  Jud   19:22ff          Tony Tucci  

Old Testament Gateway - ydyc.org   Could you please help by notifying us if you notice any broken links on this site.


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