Old Testament Gateway - An academic site for the Old Testament


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Old Testament Gateway - ydyc.org

Biblical Training - FRee Bible Classes to Help You Grow SpirituallyMy current study resources – Free sign up allows access to all classes to degree level.

Torah Class    Old Testament Bible Study for a New Testament Understanding Torah is the Hebrew word for the first 5 books of the Bible and it is the foundation of the Old Testament just as the Old Testament is the foundation of the New. The Old Testament (Tanach) is the Holy Scripture that Jesus (Yeshua, in Hebrew) taught from, and His Disciples referred to, since there was no New Testament until well after the time of the Apostles that succeeded Him. The Old and New Testaments are inseparable and only when used together do we have a complete, unified, divinely-inspired Bible. Torah Class cross-references the Torah and Old Testament passages with New Testament passages to reveal their seamless continuity.  

Some excellent teaching from a Hebrew perspective Video messages  

  VAYIKRA (Book of Leviticus) Massoretic, Hebrew, Aramaic, JPS, Kaplan texts of Genesis from the Jewish Publication Society Bible

Leviticus  – Jewish Encyclopedia  

Shemot – Leviticus  text with Rashi’s commentary – Complete Jewish Bible  

Leviticus – Expositor’s Bible Commentary  

Leviticus – Navigating the Bible  

Expository Notes on Leviticus   Thomas L. Constable  points out that in order for a holy God to have a close relationship with sinful people someone has to do something about sin and points out that the solution God provided was atonement. 

The Contemporary English Version (CEV) Bible (Book of Leviticus)  On-Line

New International Version (NIV) (Book of Leviticus) On-Line

The New English Translation (NET) Bible (Book of Leviticus)  On-Line

The New Revised Standard Version (NRSV) Bible (Book of Leviticus)  On-Line

Leviticus  at Luther Seminary’s Enter the Bible. Study basics about Bible books, people, dates, places.

Leviticus  – Wikipedia

Leviticus – Walking Thru the Bible

Leviticus – Geneva Study Bible

Leviticus – Matthew Henry’s Commentary

Leviticus – Wesley’s Explanatory Notes

Leviticus – Robert Jamieson’s Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the whole Bible

Leviticus – Scofield Reference Notes

Leviticus – Dr Bob Utley

Leviticus – World Wide Study Bible

Leviticus – Bible Notes

Leviticus – Calvin’s Commentaries Harmony of the Law – Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy Vol 1

Leviticus – Calvin’s Commentaries Harmony of the Law – Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy Vol 2

Leviticus – Calvin’s Commentaries Harmony of the Law – Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy Vol 3

Leviticus – Calvin’s Commentaries Harmony of the Law – Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy Vol 4

A Commentary on the Book of Leviticus Expository and Practical, with Critical Notes                      Andrew A Bonar  

An Introduction to Leviticus   David Malick

An Argument of the Book of Leviticus    Outline David Malick

Introduction to the Book of Leviticus                 William Barrick

Analysis And Synthesis Of Leviticus                       Frank DeCanio 

Leviticus – An Overview  Division of Student Ministry – Baptist General Convention of Texas 

Leviticus: Instruction for the Priests     Baruch A. Levine

Law – Hear, 0 Israel (the Legal Codes)    Davie Napier

Leviticus: The Way to Wholeness      Ray Stedman 

The Law the First Five Books                          J Hampton Keathley III

Leviticus Sacrifice and Sanctification Robert L. Deffinbaugh Highlights in the history of Israel part 3.

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Leviticus and Numbers – In the Wildernesss      Barry L. Bandstra  In the wilderness of Sinai the Israelites learned more about life in the covenant. The book of Leviticus continues the revelation of divine instructions for Israel’s communal life and worship.

The Gospel in Leviticus       Henry Law          Religious Tract Society

Leviticus 1-7: The Sacrifices                       William Barrick

The Offerings of Leviticus (Part One): Introduction                                         John W Ritenbuaugh                                                                 

The Offerings of Leviticus (Part Two): The Burnt Offering                  John W Ritenbuaugh   

The Offerings of Leviticus (Part Three): The Meal Offering                  John W Ritenbuaugh  

The Offerings of Leviticus (Part Four): The Peace Offering                   John W Ritenbuaugh  

The Offerings of Leviticus (Part Five): The Peace Offering, Sacrifice, and Love                   John W Ritenbuaugh  

The Offerings of Leviticus (Part Six): The Sin Offering                   John W Ritenbuaugh  

The Offerings of Leviticus (Part Seven): The Sin and Trespass Offerings                   John W Ritenbuaugh  

The Offerings of Leviticus (Part Eight): Conclusion (Part One)                   John W Ritenbuaugh  

The Offerings of Leviticus (Part Nine): Conclusion (Part Two                   John W Ritenbuaugh  

The Five Offerings of Leviticus                               R K Campbell

On Contagions: Leviticus and the Fascination of the Abomination             Gerald Major

Dating the Pentateuch: the Book of Leviticus, and the Archaeological Anomalies and Anachronisms Walter Mattfeld  looks at the archaeological findings and compares them with the Biblical accounts.

“Equilibrium and the Sacred Compass: The Structure of Leviticus,”     John H. Walton

Dead Sea Scroll of Leviticus discovered in 1956, first unrolled fourteen years later, at the Israel Museum in Jerusalem.

11QPaleoLev (11Q1) Leviticus scroll; image, commentary, and sample of translation  

Atonement through Blood in Leviticus    P M Venter

Leviticus, Deconstruction and the Body Francis Landy, recovering the woman’s voice in Leviticus.

Woman in the Ancient Hebrew Cult                         Ismar J Peritz

The Rhetoric of Ritual Instruction in Leviticus 1-7  James W Watts

Ritual Rhetoric in the Pentateuch: The Case of Leviticus 1-16  James W Watts

Olah The Rhetoric of Burnt Offerings   James W Watts

The Dearness of Every Jew (Leviticus 1:1-5:26)      Eli Touger

Nasi  –  Prime Minister or President?      Judah Zoldan

“And … restore that which he got through robbery”   Avraham Gottlieb

Making Connections: The Message of Mitzvos (Leviticus 6:1-8:36)  Eli Touger

Sinning Unwittingly (Bishgaga)     Joseph Agur

Blood and Purity in Leviticus  K. C. Hanson explains that to understand the ancient texts which Jewish and Christian communities hold as scripture, we must pay close attention to how symbols such as blood bear deep emotive power, communicating anger, disgust, relief, and devotion. They are part of larger systems of meaning and self-understanding, and cannot be pulled out of context without loss. Understanding the purity systems of ancient Israelites and early Christians can also help us reflect on our own systems of meaning and the culturally-defined systems of purity in which we participate.

The Rationale of the Laws of Clean and Unclean in the Old Testament    Joe M. Sprinkle

“The Theology on Unclean Food,”     Gordon J. Wenham

“The Alien According to the Torah,”     Georges Chawkat Moucarry

Chronology of Leviticus On Contagions: Leviticus and the Fascination of the Abomination     Gerald Majer

“The Sabbath and the Alien,”     H.R. Cole

Leviticus 8-10: The Priesthood                 William Barrick

“The Anointing of Aaron: A Study of Leviticus 8:12 In Its OT and ANE Context,”    Gerald Klingbeil

Transcendence and Immanence (Leviticus 9:1-11:47)    Eli Touger

“Leviticus 10:1: Strange Fire and an Odd Name,”     Richard S. Hess

“The Relation of Ezekiel to the Levitical Law,”     Frederic Gardiner

“The Go’el in Ancient Israel: Theological Reflections on an Israelite Institution,”    Robert L. Hubbard, Jr.

Haggo’el: The Cultural Gyroscope of Ancient Hebrew Society                                  M Moore

Leviticus 11-15: Laws of Purification               William Barrick  

Leviticus 11:2-3 Clean and Unclean – Sermon                                  Charles Spurgeon

“The Levitical Dietary Laws in the Light of Modern Science,”    Thomas Key & Robert Allen

Sacrifice in the Old Testament     F.D. Kidner

Sacrificial Worship of the Old Testament     J.H. Kurtz

“Reading and Hearing Leviticus,     Arie C. Leder & David A. Vroege

Conceiving New Life (Leviticus 12:1-13:59)     Eli Touger

“Azazel in Early Jewish Tradition,”    Robert Helm

Leviticus 16: The Day of Atonement               William Barrick

A Brief Examination of the Christian and the Law of Moses               William Barrick

A Goat to go to Azazel   Aron Pinker

Was the Goat for Azazel Destined for the Wrath of God? The Enigma of the Expression ‘Azazel’ Jacqueline C.R. De Roo. Journal article Biblica looks at the ritual of atonement found in Leviticus 16.

Leviticus 16:1-34: The Scapegoat Ritual “The Scapegoat of Leviticus Sixteen,”     Charles L. Feinberg

“The So-Called ‘Leprosy’ Laws.”     M. Jastrow

“The Cleansing of the Leper,”   Charles C. Ryrie  

“Leviticus 16: Its Literary Structure,”    Angel M. Rodriguez

Leviticus 16:34   The Day of Atonement – A Sermon               Charles Spurgeon

“Exegetical Notes: Meaning of Kipper,”     R. Laird Harris

Leviticus 17: The Sanctity of Blood               William Barrick

Blood and Purity in Leviticus and Revelation     K. C. Hanson

Hygiene and Disease in Palestine in Modern and in Biblical   Times. (Pt 1)        E Masterman    

Hygiene and Disease in Palestine in Modern and in Biblical   Times. (Pt 2)        E Masterman

Hygiene and Disease in Palestine in Modern and in Biblical   Times. (Pt 3)        E Masterman

Sacrificial Worship of the Old Testament                     J H Kurtz

The Problem of Old Testament Ethics                       Elmer A. Martens

Response to Elmer Martens                 Ben C. Ollenburger

“The Holiness-Code and Ezekiel,”     Lewis B. Paton

“The Old Testament Attitude to Homosexuality,”    Gordon J Wenham

Thinking Biblical about Homosexuality                 Elaine Phillips      

A Critique of Prohomosexual Interpretations of the Old Testament Apocrypha and Pseudepigrapha          James De Young

Homosexuality: The Biblical-Christian View – in the Old Testament     Prohibition Lev 18:22   Punishment Lev  20:13     Tony Tucci            

The Holiness Code of Leviticus 17-26  Gerald Larue. Taken from the repeated emphasis on Yahweh’s holiness, the code is concerned with ritual purity for laity and priests.

Leviticus 18-20: The Sanctity of Marriage               William Barrick

“And the Third Is Like Unto It”                                  Paul A Keim

  The 613 Commandments     Mendy Hecht

Leviticus 19: You Shall Be Holy     Barruch Levine

Leviticus 21-22: The Sanctity of the Priesthood               William Barrick

The X-Factor: Revisioning Biblical Holiness             Brent A Strawn

Leviticus 23: The Sanctity of Time/Calendar               William Barrick

Calendar for Leviticus 23               William Barrick

The Purpose of Israel’s Annual Feasts The Significance of the Sabbath                          Merril F Unger      

“The Place of Chapter 24 in the Structure of the Book of Leviticus,”    John R. Master

Leviticus 24: The Sanctity of the Tabernacle and the Divine Name               William Barrick

Leviticus 25: Further Applications of the Sabbatical Principle               William Barrick

Blasphemy, Talion, and Chiasmus: The Marriage of Form and Content in Lev 24,13-23    Timothy M. Willis

The Name of the Lord: A Sacred Trust Leviticus 24:10-23   William D Ramey offers a detailed literary study of this passage.  Turning on a tragic chain of events, an unnamed man of mixed parentage invokes the Name of the LORD in a curse and considers the subsequent results. 

“Slaves of God,”     Edwin Yamauchi

The Sabbatical Year: Six Reasons      Lazer Gurkow

The Eschatological Significance of Leviticus 26,   William D. Barrick

Leviticus 26:  Its Relationship to Covenant Contexts and Concepts Leviticus 26-27: Blessings & Curses and Vows & Promises               William Barrick

Inter-Covenantal Truth and Relevance Leviticus 26 and the Biblical Covenants.   William D. Barrick      

Old Testament Gateway - ydyc.org   Could you please help by notifying us if you notice any broken links on this site.


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