Old Testament Gateway - An academic site for the Old Testament



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Old Testament Gateway - ydyc.orgBiblical Training - FRee Bible Classes to Help You Grow SpirituallyMy current study resources – Free sign up allows access to all classes to degree level.

    Torah Class    Old Testament Bible Study for a New Testament Understanding Torah is the Hebrew word for the first 5 books of the Bible and it is the foundation of the Old Testament just as the Old Testament is the foundation of the New. The Old Testament (Tanach) is the Holy Scripture that Jesus (Yeshua, in Hebrew) taught from, and His Disciples referred to, since there was no New Testament until well after the time of the Apostles that succeeded Him. The Old and New Testaments are inseparable and only when used together do we have a complete, unified, divinely-inspired Bible. Torah Class cross-references the Torah and Old Testament passages with New Testament passages to reveal their seamless continuity.  

Some excellent teaching from a Hebrew perspective Video messages  

BAMIDBAR (Book of Numbers) Massoretic, Hebrew, Aramaic, JPS, Kaplan texts of Genesis from the Jewish Publication Society Bible  

Numbers Jewish Encyclopedia

Bamidbar – Numbers  text with Rashi’s commentary – Complete Jewish Bible

Numbers – Expositor’s Bible Commentary

Numbers – Navigating the Bible

Notes on Numbers Thomas L. Constable  explains how Numbers is a lesson in the importance of trust and obedience and how the message of Numbers is important to God’s people in any age.

Contemporary English Version (CEV) (Book of Numbers)     On-Line.

New International Version (NIV) (Book of Numbers)     On-Line.

The New English Translation (NET) Bible (Book of Numbers)     On-Line

New Revised Standard Version (NRSV) (Book of Numbers)     On-Line.

Numbers at Luther Seminary’s Enter the Bible. Study basics about Bible books, people, dates, places.

Numbers Text and Rabbinic commentary.

Numbers Wikipedia

Numbers  Walk Thru the Bible

Numbers – Geneva Study Bible

Numbers – Matthew Henry’s Commentary

Numbers – Wesley’s Explanatory Notes

Numbers – Robert Jamieson’s Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the whole Bible

Numbers – Scofield Reference Notes

Numbers – Dr Bob Utley

Numbers – World Wide Study Bible

Numbers – Bible Notes

Numbers – Calvin’s Commentaries Harmony of the Law – Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy Vol 1

Numbers – Calvin’s Commentaries Harmony of the Law – Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy Vol 2

Numbers – Calvin’s Commentaries Harmony of the Law – Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy Vol 3

Numbers – Calvin’s Commentaries Harmony of the Law – Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy Vol 4  


Introduction to Numbers David Malick.

Outline of Numbers David Malick.

The Law the First Five Books                          J Hampton Keathley III

The Gospel in Numbers                           Henry Law          Religious Tract Society         

Analysis And Synthesis Of Numbers                               Frank DeCanio

The Exodus and The Wanderings in the Wilderness   Alfred Edersheim 

“The Book Called ‘Numbers’,”     Allan A. MacRae

“The Mosaic Law and the Theology of the Pentateuch,”    John H. Sailhammer

Leviticus and Numbers – In the Wilderness  Barry L. Bandstra  Numbers tells the story of Israel’s journey from Sinai to the edge of the Promised Land.

Law – Hear, O Israel (the Legal Codes) Davie Napier 

Numbers an Overview  Division of Student Ministry Baptist General Convention of Texas 

The Feast of Trumpets in Old Testament Times Samuele Bacchiocchi explains how the Feast of Trumpets reflects God’s desire to summon His people to repentance so that He can vindicate them on the day of His judgment.

Theology of Numbers Elmer A Marten

Chronology of the Book of Numbers

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Old Testament Gateway - ydyc.org  Dating the Pentateuch: The Book of Numbers, the Archaeological Anomalies and Anachronisms  Walter Mattfeld  looks at the archaeological findings and compares them with the Biblical accounts.

“A Defense of the Hyperbolic Interpretation of Large Numbers in the Old Testament,”  David M. Fouts

“The Alien According to the Torah”         Georges Chawkat Moucarry

Numbers  1 – 12 (Tribes, Substitutions, Rituals, and Troubles)          David Colburn

Intertext Messaging; Echoes of the Aaronic Blessing (Numbers 6:24-26)    Elmer Martens

Why Did Moses Strike Out? 

The Narative Geogbraphical Shaping of Moses” Disqualification in Numbers 10:1-13    John A Beck

Numbers: Chapter 11     Tim Gorringe

“The Quail Epidemic of Numbers 11.31-34,”     John Wilkinson

Book of the Wars of the Lord Isidore Singer and M. Seligsohn

Song of the Well    Emil G. Hirsch and George A. Barton

Miriam in Numbers 12      Denise Pimpinella

Miriam   Wikipedia

Numbers 13 – 25 and Psalm 90 (Promised Land, Rebellion, Wilderness, Balaam)             David Colburn

Caleb    David Mandel

Caleb   Wikipepdia

Korah    Morris Jastrow Jr., Charles J. Mendelsohn, Solomon Schechter, M. Seligsohn and George A. Barton

Korah   Wikipedia

Korah: Rebellion & Divine Wrath    W. Gunther Plaut

Balaam’s Kittim Oracle  Walter Mattfeld 

The Theology of the Balaam Oracles: A Pagan Diviners and the Word of God    Ronald B. Allen

“The Experience of Balaam as Symbolic of the Origins of Prophecy,”    George Adam Smith

Bible Studies: The Prophecies of Balaam (Numbers XXII- XXIV)     M.M. Kalish

Balaam Morris Jastrow Jr., Ira Maurice Price, Marcus Jastrow, H. M. Speaker, John Dyneley Prince, Dr. S. Muhsam and Kaufmann Kohler

Balaam     Wikipedia

Balaam and Balak    David Mandel

The Nature of Balaam’s Prophecy    Ilana Stein

Balak  Morris Jastrow Jr., Charles Foster Kent, Marcus Jastrow and Louis Ginzberg

Balak   Wikipedia

Balaam, Part I (Numbers 22:1-35)                     Bob Deffinbaugh

Balaam, Part II (Numbers 22:36-24:25)             Bob Deffinbaugh

Balaam, Part III (Numbers 25:1-18)                  Bob Deffinbaugh

Is there any Evidence to Prove the Existence of the Prophet, Balaam?    Bryant G. Wood

An Oracle of Balaam   discovered in 1967, a remarkable inscription in Aramaic (or Ammonite dialect) in Deir-Alla, Jordan, not far from the “plains of Moab.”

“The Case Against Moses Reopened,”     Martin Emmrich

“The Framing Function Of The Narratives About Zelophehad’s Daughters,”    Dean R. Ulrich

Dathan    David Mandel

Dathan   Wikipedia

“A Star Will Come out of Jacob”: Early Regal Images in Numbers 24:15-19   Greg Herrick‘ a second in a series of articles dealing with regal/messianic hopes in the Old Testament.

Numbers 26 – 36 (Tribes, Offerings, and Feasts)                         David Colburn  

“The Significance of Joshua’s Reception of the Laying on of Hands in Numbers 27:12-23,”     Keith Mattingly

The Vocabulary of the Septuagint and Literary Criticism: The Case of Numbers 27,15-23    Itamar Kislev

“Cities of Refuge,”      Preston. L. Mayes

“The Release Of Homicides From The Cities of Refuge,     Warren Driver

“New Light on the Wilderness Journey and the Conquest,”     John Rea

 Old Testament Gateway - ydyc.org   Could you please help by notifying us if you notice any broken links on this site.


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